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Course Description

Course Description


Fundamental concepts in electrical circuits (Kirchhoff's  laws); circuit analysis methods (mesh and nodal); network theorems (superposition , Thevenin, and Norton); Transient  analysis  of  capacitive  and  inductive  circuits; series/parallel combinations of R, L, and C circuits; sinusoidal waveforms; phasor  and  frequency  domain analysis  techniques.


This course is intended to provide basic knowledge and understanding of basic electronic semiconductor devices (diodes, BJTs, JFETs etc.). Students should develop the skill for solving problems on basic electronic circuits and develop the ability to analyze electronic systems.

BMT 221: Basic Mechanical Skills (3 credits)

This course introduces students to CAD software in general and SolidWorks 2013 software in particular. Students will learn the theory and practice related to solid modeling, assembly modeling, drafting, parametric modeling, freeform surface modeling, and use of CAD models for some downstream engineering activities such as motion simulation and manufacturing. Specific applications will focus on simple biomedical devices to explore their principle of operation, generate solid models and assemblies and perform simple stress analyses simulations.

BMT 222: Applied Mathematics for Biomedical Technology 1 (2 credits)

This course covers fundamental mathematical concepts. Topics include Solution of linear and quadratic equations, Factoring and partial fraction, Trigonometric functions, Logarithmic and exponential functions, Vectors and oblique triangles, Complex numbers, Derivatives of algebraic and trigonometric functions and application of differentiation, Maclaurin and binomial Series.

BMT 223: Applied Mathematics for BMT -2- (2 credits)

The course will present the basic fundamentals of one variable calculus with special focus on engineering applications. The topics include the techniques, interpretation and applications to the derivatives and integrals as well as an overview on the solving techniques of the 1st and 2nd order linear differential equations either directly or using the Laplace transforms.

BMT 224: Applied Physics for Biomedical Technology (4 credits)

This course covers fundamentals of basic physics using algebra and trigonometry as tools. Topics include

Units and dimensions, Vectors, Gradient, divergence, and curl, Maxwell equations, Thermodynamics,

Work, energy, and power, Fluid mechanics, Sound, Ultrasound: applications in medical, Atomic physics:,

spectroscopy, ionizing radiation, Properties of nucleus

BMT 225: Measurements In Biomedical Technology (3 credits)

The course presents an overview of fundamental measurements. Topics include; Measurement units and SI units’ definitions. Elements of a measurement system such as (Measured, Sensor, Signal Conditioning, Output Display). Additionally, Instrument classifications such as Active, passive, Null-type, Analogue and digital instruments are covered. Other topics are included such as measurement uncertainty, precision, repeatability, reproducibility. Finally, Statistical analysis of measurements is included in this course.

BMT 226: Electrical Skills I (2 credits)

Students completing this course will acquire the basic knowledge of electricity, the passive and active elements, and the circuit construction techniques including schematic and layout diagrams. After that students will design electrical circuit to rectify, smooth, and stabilize the signal.

BMT 227: Introduction to Computer Systems (2 credits)

This course will provide an introduction to MATLAB program and its Mathematical and Engineering applications; also it will provide an introduction to in C++ programming language and its usage. After attending this course students will have acquired the basic skills in MATLAB program and programming in C++ and an understanding of the ideas of object oriented programming.   Topics covered in this course include an introduction to classes and objects, class variables, constructors and functions, overloaded constructors and functions, public and private access to variables and functions, arithmetic operators, simple input and output, comparison operators and the use of conditional and iterative control statements, use of library functions and the creation of user defined functions, introduction to pointers, introduction to arrays, accessing arrays using both subscripts and pointers. 


BMT 228: Introduction to Biomechanics (2 credits)

This course will present the fundamentals of biomechanics which includes an understanding of kinematic and kinetic concepts to analyze the human motion, the use of equilibrium equations to solve statics problems applied to the human joints and the understanding of the biomechanics of the bone and muscles structures.



The first part of the course provides students with basic knowledge in:

- Continuum mechanics principles

- Investigation of internal forces in systems using free body diagram (FBD) technique with special application on predicting internal forces in the human joints.

- Basic concept of stress and strain, establishing the relationship between the stress and strain and develop the generalized hook's law matrix

- Analyzing the stress by using Mohr's circle for plane stress and plane strain following lectures from strain gages.

The second part provides students with basic knowledge in:

- Fluid statics principles stressing on the pressure calculation and measurement techniques.

- Fluid dynamics principles and solving problems of fluid in motion by using Bernoulli’s equation.

BMT 313: Biomedical Electronics III (3 credits)

This course introduces integrated circuits to students. It covers the fundamentals of operational amplifiers and their common configurations used for signal amplification purposes. Also, this course covers further applications of operational amplifiers in signal processing, signal generation and waveshaping.

BMT 314: Biomedical Electronics IV (3 credits)

The main purpose of this course is for students to achieve the following:

  • General understanding of the principles of digital electronics.
  • General understanding of modern digital systems.
  • Ability to understand the design techniques of modern digital systems.
  • Ability to understand and use of digital techniques in applications of biomedical instrumentation.

BMT 315: Introduction to Biopotentials (2 credits)

The purpose of this course is to give an overall introduction the problems encountered in measuring a living system, the function of basic transducers, the origin of bio-potentials, and basic bio-measurements


BMT 323: Basic electrical Skills II (2 credits)

The main purpose of this course is for students to achieve the following:

  • Acquire knowledge about printed circuit design, generation, and rounding as well as computerized design and drafting.
  • Acquire knowledge about elementary biomedical circuits.
  • Develop an ability to perform signal tracing and biomedical equipment troubleshooting.

BMT 333: Electric Machines in Medical Instrumentation (2 credits)

This course covers fundamental electric machinery concepts. Topics include Electromagnetic circuits, magnetic losses, production of force and the governing equations, phasor diagrams, concept of pole number and winding factor, principles of the basic machines types, like Linear, induction, synchronous, Dc machines and different types of single phase motors.

BMT 334: (3 credits): Biomedical Imaging Equipments (3 credits)

The purpose of this course is to present an overview of biomedical imaging systems. Topics include; Projection Radiography(X-RAY), Computed tomography (CT), Planar Scintigraphy, Ultrasound imaging, and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Radiotherapy(linear accelerator),Radiotherapy (Gamma knife), Radiotherapy(CyberKnife)

BMT 335: Mechanical Biomedical Instrumentation (3 credits)

The purpose of this course is to present an overview of Mechanical biomedical instrumentation/Equipment. Topics include; fundamentals of Medical Instrumentation, Hemodialysis systems, Water treatment systems, Mechanical ventilation systems, Anesthesia systems, Medical gases systems Sterilization systems, Heart-Lung Machine, Spirometers, Mechanics of stents in blood vessels

BMT 336: Optical Biomedical Instrumentation (3 credits)

This course covers the major optical devices used in biomedical field in terms of their principles of operation, their main component and the underlying relevant optical phenomena. Advanced optical techniques and their biomedical applications are also discussed in this course.


BMT 337: Biomaterials (2 credits)

The purpose of this course is to present an overview of different types of biomaterials used in field of biomedical engineering and their properties. The course also covers the interaction between materials and biological systems.

BMT 338: (2 credits): Introduction to Biomedical Engineering Design (2 credits)

This course provides students with basic knowledge in:

1- Understanding the different relationship to solve mechanical structure under various loading type.

2- Determination of the relationship between the stress and strain under various type of loading such as the axial loading, the torsion and the bending (flexure).

3- Drawing of the shear force and bending moment diagrams.

4- Describing the processes of the stress shielding and determine the equations of the stress in the hip prosthesis and the femoral bone.

5- Identify the optimal geometrical and material properties parameters in order to reduce the stress shielding and propose an optimal hip prosthesis stem design.

BMT 367: Hospital Safety (2 credits)

This course covers safety issues within healthcare facilities. It mainly focuses on electrical safety for medical devices. This is covered on the level of medical device design and on the level of power distribution system. Other safety issues such as radiation protection and medical waste management are covered as well. In the practical, students are trained to use the electrical safety analyzer to perform safety tests such as leakage current, ground resistance, insulation resistance, and patient leakage current.

BMT 413: (3 credits): Biomedical Electronics V (3 credits)

The main purpose of this course is to achieve the following:

  • Understanding the basic architecture of microprocessor and microcontroller
  • Study of simple Assembly programming and HL programming
  • Develop an ability to design a microprocessor/ microcontroller interfacing with memory and supporting chips in biomedical applications.

BMT 414: Biomedical Electronic VI (3 credits)

This course is about Medical electronic instruments, the course content was upgraded during 4 semesters new instruments where introduced and mainly the course take its contents from John Webester book for instrumentation. Powerpoint presentations are delivered in interactive way. During this course students are exposed to different medical instruments, starting by defibrillators/cardioverters were design and calculation of defibrillator system and components including the capacitor value for certain condition. The second chapter is about cardiac arrhythmias, and different type of pacemakers and electrodes used for heart pacing. The third chapter deals with electro-surgery and ablation a detailed description of the electronic system is presented. Block diagram are analyzed. Laser in medical instruments is introduced, Cardiac output current methods are tackled. EEG, EMG and ENG method for signal acquisition and analysis are presented, MRI for 3D image reconstruction is also presented in digital aspect. A project exposing students for new research in the field has been implemented. Every group of 2 or 3 students choose one papers related to the course topics using open access sources available in the internet (like BiomedCentral, KSU library digital databases and SDL) The research papers project introduced has proven to be very useful. It introduce student to research problem. It exposed the students to new research problem and instruments. Most of the students have benefited from this experience.

BMT 415: Biomedical Signal Processing (3 credits)

The course is dedicated to introduce the digital signal processing and applications in biomedical field. An introduction about transforming an analog signal to digital one including sampling and quantization, digital frequency and Nyquist Frequency are also introduced. Operation on digital signal like time shift, flip, interpolation decimation, symmetry and fractional delay are included. Linear systems operations, impulse response convolution and some application to finite and infinite systems are described. Fourier Transform is described and application to medical signal is proposed. Z-Transform and its application are also introduced.

BMT 432: Special Topics in Biomedical Technology (4 credits)

This course is divided into three different major areas:

  1. Innovation and entrepreneurship: it provides a practical guide to address a medical problem with a technical innovative solution that is commercially feasible and applicable. The course starts with identifying a medical problem then seeking an innovative technical biomedical solution. Afterwards, the course briefly reviews assessment methods of concepts and acquiring market research reports. The course provides an overview of regulatory requirements and project management skills, which is a must to comprehend by students. Finally, to put learnt subjects and skills into practice, a business plan will be developed as a final project. For the practical part of the course, students will learn how to write scientific biomedical research papers and proposals.
  2. Project management: Projects is one of the main tasks biomedical engineers and those who deal with healthcare equipment have to manage frequently. This course introduces project management from a manager standpoint in healthcare industry. Best practices and effective tools used in the vital aspects of main three project management areas (i.e. scope, schedule and cost).
  3. Medical devices regulations.

BMT 437: Biomedical Control Systems (2 credits)

Students completing this course will be able to analyze the basic components of control systems, the concepts of feedback, closed-loop control versus open-loop control using the Laplace transform to solve linear differential equation, finding transfer function for linear time-invariant electrical and mechanical understanding the concepts of poles and zeros and how to find time response from transfer function and determine the stability of a system

BMT 468: Clinical Practice/Project (3 credits)

Each student or a group of students (maximum 2 students per group) discusses the project subject with its supervisor. Following the theoretical explanation by the supervisor, students group identifies and analyzes the problem, performs literature review, defines the methodological solution, applies the solution to the problem, gets and discusses the theoretical results, and defines the technical specifications and engineering standards of all required components, and then implements and tests the project. After that students group acquires results and writes the project report.

BMT 484: Automation in Clinical Laboratories (3 credits)

This course provides basics, working principles and applications of equipment utilized in laboratories. The course will shed the light on multiple laboratory equipments for conducting experiments such as incubators, centrifuges, and liquid handlers. Furthermore, this course will go over data acquisition technologies such as chromatography, microscopy and spectrophotometry.


This course is an introductory course to application of computers in medicine such as patient record, clinical laboratory, Radiology. Computer assisted Diagnosis.